sujan0264@yahoo.com       1/26/2016        Categories: Agriculture      Total Comments 7

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we practise ICT/IoT based agricultures, vertical farming, poly house farming, Aquaponics , smart-climate agriculture and Smart watering systems.

Acknowledgement

We are extremely delighted that the report is finally in its desired form after many days of research, labor and brainstorming. The report has taken a lot out of us both physically and mentally, but along the way, we have also enjoyed so much making little discoveries on the internet, enjoying light bulb moments after racking the brain over some complicated material for long hours, rejoicing in the joy of teamwork and ultimately, celebrating on the accomplishment of what seemed at the onset a herculean task to complete. We express our sincere gratitude to UNDP and Microsoft Nepal for an opportunity like Idea challenge to put forward an idea for the nation’s development. Our idea GREENIFY NEPAL stems from the very many challenges facing Nepal’s agriculture sector in this day and age. The report seeks to present a few models that could be deployed to overcome these challenges and improve and develop the key agriculture sector of our country. Some of these models are already in practice in different parts of Nepal while some are not. Greenify Nepal believes that these models should be extensively practised in Nepalese agriculture to reap the benefits of efficient and effective production. We are thankful to many intellects for internet access to their works based on which the report could be successfully made.

Lastly, we remain hopeful that the report serves to adequately present our idea of agriculture development and the idea is received positively by the readers. We sincerely apologize for any mistakes encountered while going through the report.

 

Introduction

Agriculture plays an important role in meeting the basic needs of the majority of people in developing countries and Nepal is no exception. Agriculture sector has more than one third contribution to total Gross Domestic Production (GDP) of Nepal. There has always been much neglect regarding the agricultural sector for ages. Realization of better country's economy with prosperous agricultural sector is there but unwillingness to act upon it is a problem. Farmers of more than 60% of the fertile land have unheard the irrigation facility yet and still depend upon rain water for cultivation. Lack of proper education or training, farmers apply same old fashioned way of farming that yields less than that with new techniques. Some where fertilizers are used in excess manner whereas some where they are insufficient. Management of the harvested crop has been one of the prominent problems for the farmers. If there be no market there would be no sell which ultimately leads to no economic gain. Some farmers don't have lands for their own to cultivate whereas some have unlimited lands that are left barren. Thus, there happens to be many problems in the agricultural sector that had to be addressed by the government. 

Monitoring all the issues and challenges of agricultural system , greenify Nepal vies to solve few of them. Greenify Nepal is a smart agricultural practice that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces greenhouse effect (mitigation), pest control, land and water conservation, indoor farming etc. In a country like Nepal with more than 80% of the people engaged in agriculture, the country cannot afford to neglect this sector at all. Sadly enough, Nepal does not enjoy a status of self-sufficiency in agricultural products as it is forced to import agro products on a large scale from other countries like India and china. Every year, Nepal makes a large expenditure in the import of rice, crude soya bean oil, vegetable, maize, crude palm oil, etc. from different countries. The yield from domestic agriculture is at such a low level, hence hazarding the entire economy due to various issues such as obsolete farming methods, lack of irrigation facility, poverty, dual ownership of land, lack of agriculture credit and so forth. Greenify Nepal is an idea to overcome a few of these challenges, especially the issues of traditional farming methods and lack of irrigation facility. Moreover, greenify Nepal targets urban agriculture with concepts such as indoor farming vertical farming, poly house farming, aquaponics in view of the increasing rate of migration from villages to urban areas. Rough estimates show that more than half of Nepal’s population will be living in urban and peri-urban areas by the year 2020. 100% dependence on rural based agriculture is not always sensible from aspects of transportation cost, consumers’ welfare and other factors.

All in all, greenify Nepal practices IoT based agriculture, indoor farming, vertical farming, poly house farming, aqua ponics , smart climate agriculture and smart watering systems. we target both urban and rular area The following report briefly touches upon each of these farming methods to present their benefits for Nepal’s key agriculture sector.

1. Internet of things(IOT) for smart farming:

IOT play an important role in today’s agriculture. The IOT is transforming the agriculture industry and enabling farmers to contend with the enormous challenges they face. Most Nepalese farmers still rely on traditional farming methods while the rest of the world has graduated to the IOT level of farming. We can, for example, take an android mobile phone which apart from the communication purpose serves as a torch, a radio, a watch/clock, an iPod and many other devices. Without going through any lengthy calculations, we can assert that investing in a single android phone is more profitable than investing in the multiple other devices. Internet today is a boon for the agriculture sector too. The use of sensors helps to monitor nutrients in the soil, humidity, temp, density of weeds and all factors affecting the production are been monitored to get better control better use of technology can also reduce the use of chemical products such as fertilizers, herbicides and other pollution products and yield safer corps. Thus, iot agriculture sensors can solve Nepalese agriculture challenges and issues which leads to increase the quality, quantity, sustainability and cost effectiveness of agricultural production.

 

Deployment of wireless sensors in agriculture is still at its early stages, applications are mainly classified as: Environmental Monitoring, Precision Agriculture and Traceability Systems (RFID).

 Environmental monitoring –

This segment refers to field measurements of environment variables, such as Weather data, Water quality etc. that are still depend on stationary sensors and data loggers, and records are done manually which requires high labor costs and subject of human errors.

Precision agriculture –

Wireless sensors have been used in precision agriculture to monitor and collect data of soil water availability, soil compaction, soil fertility, leaf temperature, leaf area index, plant water status, local climate data, insect-disease-weed infestation etc.

Traceability systems (RFID) –

There is an increasing demand for safety of food products by monitoring the products from the field to the consumers and for security of the machinery etc. RFID technology has been adopted as the leading technology for collecting data on product tracking. An active food tracking system uses active RFID tagging for conducting continuous inventory counts in the field, warehouses and Point of sale. These RFID tags are continuously updating and transmitting the data to the monitoring system and eventually their battery runs out and need a replacement.In such cases  Solar Battery enables the supply of continuous power over an extended time period to enable the use of active RFID without routine maintenance procedures.

THE WORKING OF IOT :

The Internet of Things is a technological revolution that represents the future of computing and communications, and its development depends on dynamic technical innovation in a number of important fields—from wireless sensors to nanotechnology. First, in order to connect everyday objects and devices to large databases and networks, and indeed to the network of networks (the internet) a simple, unobtrusive and cost effective system of item identification is crucial. Only then can data about things be collected and processed. Radiofrequency identification (RPID) offers this functionality. Second, data collection will benefit from the ability to detect changes in the physical status of things, using sensor technologies. Embedded intelligence in the things themselves can further enhance the power of the network by devolving information processing capabilities to the edges of the network. Finally, advances in miniaturization and nanotechnology mean that smaller and smaller things will have the ability to interact and connect. A combination of all of these developments will create an Internet of Things that connects the world’s objects in both a sensory and an intelligent manner.

The following are the benefits of IOT applications in agriculture:

 1. Improvement in the use efficiency of inputs (Soil, Water, Fertilizers, Pesticides, etc.)

2. Reduced cost of production

 3. Increased profitability

4. Sustainability

 5. Food safety

 6. Protection of the environment.

Nepalese agriculture must overcome increasing water shortages, costly labor-intensive methods, while meeting the increasing consumption needs of a population that is expected to grow by 70% by 2050. IOT can help to tackle these issues and ease and accelerate production to meet domestic consumption as well as export needs.

2. Poly house farming:

Poly houses are basically naturally ventilated climate controlled. Poly houses have a variety of applications, the majority being, growing of vegetables, floriculture, planting material acclimatization, fruit crop growing for export market.

Poly houses are built of a Pre-galvanized channel cum tubular structure/ Tubular Structure wherein crops are grown under a favorable controlled environment and other conditions viz. temperature, humidity, light intensity, ventilation, soil media, disease control, irrigation, Fertigation and other agronomical practices throughout the season irrespective of the natural conditions outside.

In conventional Agronomical practices, the crops are being grown / cultivated in the open field under natural conditions where the crops are more susceptible to sudden changes in climate i.e. temperature, humidity, light intensity, photo period and other conditions due to which the quality, yield of a particular crop can get affected and may be decreased.Poly houses are available in different sizes and constructed as per customer requirement. The sizes vary from as small as 100 Sq. M to 10,000 Sq M and more.The degree of sophistication also varies from a simple poly house with polyethylene film covering to highly sophisticated, fully automated drip and foggers systems, PAR lightings, full scale computerized (fully automated) systems.

 

Features and Specifications

  • Yield increases by 5 - 10 times or even more.
  • Uniform and better quality
  • Reduction in labour cost
  • Less fertilizer requirement, thus reduction in fertilizer cost.
  • Low water requirement thus saving in water.
  • Less chances of disease attack, thus reduction in disease control cost.
  • Higher Efficiency of Water & Fertilizer Use.
  • Cultivation in problematic topography.
  • Cultivation in problematic soil conditions.
  • Cultivation in problematic climate conditions.
  • Requires less area to get maximum yield and benefits.
  • Easy to operate, maintain & control.
  • Galvanized Steel Construction.
  • Special Aluminum locking profile to fix covering materials with structure.
  • Designed to withstand wind speed of 140 Kmph
  • Bears, hanging load 15- 25 Kg per Sq. Mt.
  • Natural Roof and side wall ventilation system.
  • UV stabilized covering materials of Polyethylene film.
  • Air circulation fans
  • Heating system in cold climate.
  • CO2 Generator.
  • Shading / Thermal Net
  • Trellising system for vegetable.
  • Prefabricated structure which makes easy to assemble & dissemble.
  • Complete structure is assembled with Nut-bolts.
  • No welding is required.
  • Control System - Manual / Semi Automatic / Automatic. Fully Computerized / Weather Station.
  • Planting material- soil less media like coco peat.
  • Starting and closing of Micro Irrigation System.
  • Irrigation can be operated on time base/ volume base/ sensor base
  • Application of Liquid Fertilizer or Water Soluble Fertilizer (N:P:K) and other Nutrients to the plant.
  • Operation of Foggers/ Misting System as required.
  • Opening and closing of ventilators and side wall roll up curtains as needed.
  • Operation of shading net / Thermal screen.
  • Operation of air circulation fan
  • Operation of heating system.
  • Operation of CO2 Generator, Climate Control, Temperature, Humidity, Heat Radiation, Control of EC, PH, PPM level in irrigation water etc. as required to the plant.

 

Applications

  • Production of vegetable crops.
  • Production of flowers.
  • Production of Herbs.
  • Nursery.
  • Secondary hardening nursery of Tissue cultured plant.
  • Growth / Production of rare plants, orchids / herbs, medicinal plants.

 

 

 

3. Smart irrigation technology:

Vegetables require water to grow and ripen, so irrigation is essential. Greenify Nepal aims at smart irrigation, which is an efficient approach to the supply of water to land or crops. Most Nepalese farmers use river water for  irrigation system and may provide water that is not needed. Smart irrigation technology replaces this inefficient irrigation approach with an automated irrigation system that is based on soil moisture sensors. These sensors maintain soil moisture at suitable levels. They detect moisture in the soil so that if only the soil moisture reduces below the optimum level, an irrigation event can be carried out immediately. Hence, it can reduce the number of unnecessary irrigation events.

Most soil moisture sensors are designed to estimate soil volumetric water content based on the dielectric constant (soil bulk permittivity) of the soil. The dielectric constant reflects the soil’s ability to transmit electricity- the constant increases as the water content of the soil increases. Benchmarking the dielectric constant according to this concept, water content at field capacity (the upper limit of the regime) is considered to represent 100% availability of water for crop growth, while water content at the level where plants wilt ( the lower limit of the regime) is considered to represent 0% availability of water.

-Sprinkler and DRIP Irrigation Systems

Sprinkler Irrigation is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to rainfall. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. It is then sprayed into the air and irrigated entire soil surface through spray heads so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. Sprinklers provide efficient coverage for small to large areas and are suitable for use on all types of properties. It is also adaptable to nearly all irrigable soils since sprinklers are available in a wide range of discharge capacity. Sprinkler system is an unique irrigation system. It is designed to ensure maximum water saving, combining high quality, affordability and ease of installation. All the products are made out of high strength & chemical resistance engineering plastics to achieve functional satisfaction and to maintain cost economics. All sprinklers undergo extensive quality testing in our well equipped state of the art lab. Moreover, performance of the products are also tested in the field to ensure uniform water distribution  and higher efficiency.

Drip irrigation is the most efficient method of irrigating. While sprinkler systems are around 75-85% efficient, drip systems typically are 90% or higher. What that means is much less wasted water. But drip irrigation has other benefits which make it useful almost anywhere. It is easy to install, easy to design, can be very inexpensive, and can reduce disease problems associated with high levels of moisture on some plants. If you want to grow a rain forest however, drip irrigation will work but might not be the best choice.Drip irrigation (sometimes called trickle irrigation) works by applying water slowly, directly to the soil. The high efficiency of drip irrigation results from two primary factors. The first is that the water soaks into the soil before it can evaporate or run off. The second is that the water is only applied where it is needed, (at the plant’s roots) rather than sprayed everywhere. While drip systems are simple and pretty forgiving of errors in design and installation, there are some guidelines that if followed, will make for a much better drip system. The purpose of this tutorial is to guide you toward materials and methods that will increase the benefits of your new drip system, while steering you away from some common misconceptions and practices that can cause you trouble.

Application

-Suitable for almost all field crops like Wheat, Gram, Pulses as well as Vegetables, Cotton, Soya bean, Tea, Coffee, and other fodder crops.

-Suitable for Residential, Industrial, Hotel, Resorts, Public & Government Enterprises, Golf Links, Race courses.

-Hydro-powered irrigation

Hydro-powered pumps uses kinetic energy of the flowing river to pump water uphill without using any other external sources of energy such as fuel or electricity. The technology is currently in development stage. The proposed design consists of turbine and piston pump, where the kinetic energy of water is used to rotate the turbine, which in turn drives the piston to push the water uphill through outlet containing a one-way valve to prevent back flow of water. Such hydro-powered pumps can either be installed as an infrastructure as well as can be sold to individuals as a portable pumping device. Such environment-friendly irrigation systems can also be built by modifying currently present water mills and micro-hydro stations in the country.

-Water filter

Water does not found in its purest form in nature. It always contaminated with physical, chemical & biological impurities. Proper filtration is of much importance to prevent low pressure diffuser like emitters from clogging. Our wide range of water filters are standing like watchdog to protect your system from clogging hazards. Sand Separators to remove silt, sand from your water, media filters to remove organic impurities like algae, trash, leaves etc. from water and complete range of screen filters to remove any physical impurities from water are available in our filtration range. Stable performance maximum filtration efficiency and minimum maintenance are some of the common features of our filters.

 

 

4. Vertical farming(urban farming):

A component of urban agriculture, vertical farming is the practice of producing food in vertically stacked layers, vertically inclined surfaces and/or integrated in other structures. Vertical planning could be so useful in a city like Kathmandu that hugely looks to other places for most agricultural produce. This is not to play down the application of vertical farming in rural areas, but this farming approach could better benefit urban areas with much less cultivable land.

The modern idea of vertical farming uses Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) technology, where all environmental factors can be controlled. These facilities utilize artificial control of light, environmental control (humidity, temperature, gases, etc.)  and fertigation. Some vertical farms use glass houses, where natural sunlight can be increased with artificial lighting and metal reflectors.

The following are some pros of vertical farming:

·         Year round crops:

Through vertical farming, multiple crops can be grown at all times of the year.

·         No weather issues:

Vertical farming takes place in an artificially controlled environment. Hence, there is no possibility of crop failures due to droughts, floods, pests, etc.

·         Organic:

Vertical farming does not need or use herbicides, pesticides or fertilizers.

·         Less use of land:

Vertical farming uses much little land to produce maximum crops. This makes vertical farming suitable in urban areas. Moreover, existing horizontal farmland can be reduced to their natural ecosystems.

·         Reduced transportation cost/ fossil fuel use:

Vertical farming reduces the need for long distance transport diminishing the use of fossil fuels due to the farm’s proximity to urban centers.

-Indoor farming

Indoor farming has gone high-tech. The process of growing food indoors could also present significant benefits to the environment. In addition to requiring 70 percent less fertilizer than traditional methods of farming, indoor farming also requires 98 percent less water. At the same time, indoor farming also produces a higher yield.There are some potential drawbacks to indoor farming, however, the most significant of which is that it could potentially use more electricity. Yet, innovative entrepreneurs have begun to develop solutions to address such challenges, including the use of automated systems and LED lighting that is more energy-efficient.

Indoor Farming Changing the Approach to Growing Food

The concept of bringing plants indoors certainly does offer a number of benefits. Along with the fact that farmers no longer need to be concerned about the weather or seasons, it also becomes possible to grow crops around the clock. In addition, indoor farming makes it possible to pamper plants in a number of other ways, including the recycling of water on a continuous basis.Automated monitoring systems complete with specialized sensors have also become increasingly popular. Such sensors make it possible to detect when vital nutrients may be missing, and then provide growing plants with the nutrients they need in more accurate measurements.The use of LED lighting over fluorescent growing lights has also proven to be highly beneficial as well. Greater energy efficiency translates into lower electricity bills, reduced heat, and lowered air conditioning costs. Furthermore, since LED lights are cooler, it is possible to position the lights nearer the plants. In turn, this allows indoor farmers to plant crops more densely.The concept of growing plants within an enclosed space rather than in the open air is certainly not a new idea. For instance, the process of hydroponics, in which plants are grown in nutrient-rich water instead of soil is one that caught on several years ago. With increasingly advanced technological methods, indoor farmers are able to boost the productivity of hydroponic farming methods.

An Alternative to Organic Farming

Despite the tremendous hope associated with organic farming, it has yet to attain the success that many hoped for. The many challenges associated with organic farming include the availability of open farmland. Add in the potential risks associated with weeds, insects, and rain, all of which can wreak havoc on crops, and it becomes clear that organic farming faces significant challenges that are often difficult to overcome. Organic farmers also face the inability to regulate water, humidity, and temperature. By comparison, these are all challenges that do not pose a problem in the field of indoor farming. Often carried out in warehouses, indoor farming does not require open farmland. Due to an indoor growing environment, there are no concerns about rain, weeds, or insects. At the same time, automated monitoring systems provide the ability to control temperature and water with the greatest precision.

Investing in Indoor Farming Technology

Recognizing the vast potential presented by indoor farming, an increasing number of companies and investors are becoming involved because they see a niche that can be filled. In an effort to increase opportunities for AgTech startups and investors interested in funding these startups, the third annual Indoor Agriculture Conference was recently held in Las Vegas. According to a white paper released at the conference, growth of the indoor farming community could reach $9 billion. The indoor farming industry has expanded at such a rapid rate that it now presents massive market growth potential, while also having a tremendous impact on the American economy. In fact, many indoor farming entrepreneurs believe that indoor farming could eventually change the way that food is grown and distributed. Investors who are continually looking for opportunities that will allow them to enter an industry before it reaches its peak will find that indoor farming could present just the opportunity they are seeking. There are certainly many potential opportunities within the indoor farming industry for investors who are looking to get a jumpstart on this emerging industry.

Big Data

The use of automated systems presents one area of opportunity for investors and developers. Regardless of the crop being grown, indoor farmers frequently rely on the use of big data along with predictive analytics in order to protect against losses and maximize yields.

Lighting

The future of lighting technology is yet another area that presents investment opportunities in the field of indoor farming. Significant advancements have been made in recent years in terms of LED lighting, which is generally believed to result in improved crop yields. There is still tremendous opportunity for developing the field of lighting for indoor farming, including the use of adaptive lighting technology.

Distribution Systems

As is the case with any type of farming system, it is important to have a system in place to ensure that harvested foods are distributed in the most efficient manner possible. Among the goals of the many "eat local" campaigns sweeping the country is to deliver fresher foods to consumers while decentralizing supply chains and reducing or even eliminating long-distance transportation. One of the ways in which many indoor farming operations is doing this is by investing in online sales platforms. Such platforms give consumers more control over their weekly food purchases, as well as the ability to customize these purchases. By leveraging social media engagement, indoor farmers are able to expand their customer bases quickly.

The Bottom Line

Whether or not indoor farming has the potential to constitute a significant percent of local food production remains to be seen. Even so, indoor farming entrepreneurs believe that their use of cutting-edge technology could pave the path to allowing food to actually be consumed in the same area where it is grown.

 

5. Organic farming:

Organic farming is a form of agriculture that includes techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost, and biological pest control. Organic farming uses fertilizers and pesticides if they are considered natural (such as bone meal from animals or pyrethrin from flowers), but it excludes the use of various methods (including synthetic petrochemical fertilizers and pesticides; plant growth regulators such as hormones).

In Nepal, organic farming is already in practice in many different places. Different approaches to organic farming in our country comprise mixing the soil with boiled neem leaves, ash, buffalo urine mixed with water or cow faeces. For those farmers who don’t practise organic farming, the practice of organic farming could benefit them in the following ways.

·         Poison-free:

It ensures produce that is free of contamination with health harming chemicals like pesticides, fungicides and herbicides.

·         Food tastes better”

Organic farming renders fruits and vegetables tasty as the tastiness of these eatables is a function of the quality of nutrition that the plant itself has enjoyed.

·         Food keeps longer:

Foods that are organically grown can be stored longer and are much less vulnerable to rotting and rapid mold.

·         Consumers’ taste:

Many households in Nepal have become aware of the danger of pesticides remaining in certain fruits and vegetables and want to buy fresh produce from those implementing organic farming practices, even if pricing is higher for the products.

6. Aquaponics:

Aquaponics is a new agriculture technique that combines the positive aspects of aquaculture (raising aquatic animals like fish and prawns in tanks) and hydroponics (growing plants in water). Animals raised through aquaculture are exposed to their own toxic excretions that gather in the water. In view of this issue and to benefit the plants gown in hydroponics, aquaponics plays a useful role as it feeds the water from the an aquaculture system to a hydroponic system where the by-products are broken down by nitrification bacteria into nitrates and nitrites, which are utilized by the plants as nutrients, and the water is then recirculated to the aquaculture system.

The problems with traditional soil-based gardening

§  The weeds

§  The amount of water required

§  The soil-borne insects

§  The heavy digging, the bending, the back strain

§  The the bunnies, the raccoons, and other 4-legged pests

§  Knowledge required to know when to water, when and how to fertilize, and what is the composition of the soil

These issues are all solved with hydroponics, but hydroponics has problems of its own

§  Traditional hydroponic systems rely on the careful application of expensive, man-made nutrients made from mixing together a concoction of chemicals, salts and trace elements. In aquaponics you merely feed your fish inexpensive fish feed, food scraps, and food you grow yourself.

§  The strength of this mixture needs to be carefully monitored, along with pH, using expensive meters. In aquaponics you carefully monitor your system during the first month, but once your system is established you only need to check pH and ammonia levels weekly or if your plants or fish seem stressed.

§  Water in hydroponic systems needs to be discharged periodically, as the salts and chemicals build up in the water which becomes toxic to the plants. This is both inconvenient and problematic as the disposal location of this waste water needs to be carefully considered. In aquaponics you NEVER replace your water; you only top it off as it evaporates.

§  Hydroponic systems are prone to a disease called “pythium” or root rot. This disease is virtually non-existent in aquaponics.

The problem with recirculating aquaculture

§  The tank water becomes polluted with fish effluent which gives off high concentrations of ammonia. Water has to be discharged at a rate of 10-20% of the total volume in the tank daily. This uses a tremendous amount of water. Again, in an aqua ponics system you never need to discharge your water

§  This water is often pumped into open streams where it pollutes and destroys waterways.

§  Because of this unhealthy environment fish are prone to disease and are often treated with medicines, including antibiotics. Fish disease is rare in an aquaponics system.

 

How aquaponics changes the game

§  Waist-high aquaponics gardening eliminates weeds, back strain and small animal access to your garden.

§  Reuse resources currently considered “waste”. In aquaponics there is no more toxic run-off from either hydroponics or aquaculture.

§  Aquaponics uses only 1/10th of the water of soil-based gardening, and even less water than hydroponics or recirculating aquaculture.

§  Watering is integral to an aquaponics system. You can’t under-water or over-water.

§  Fertilizing is also integral to an aquaponics system. You can’t over-fertilize or under-fertilize.

§  Gardening chores are cut down dramatically or eliminated. The aquaponics grower is able to focus on the enjoyable tasks of feeding the fish and tending and harvesting the plants.

Instead of using dirt or toxic chemical solutions to grow plants, aquaponics uses highly nutritious fish effluent that contains all the required nutrients for optimum plant growth. Instead of discharging water, aquaponics uses the plants and the media in which they grow to clean and purify the water, after which it is returned to the fish tank. This water can be reused indefinitely and will only need to be replaced when it is lost through transpiration and evaporation. Two primary methods of aquaponics growing are most widely in use today.

§  The raft based aquaponics growing system uses a foam raft that is floating in a channel filled with fish effluent water that has been through filtration to remove solid wastes. Plants are placed in holes in the raft and the roots dangle freely in the water. This method is most appropriate for growing salad greens and other fast growing, relatively low-nutrient plants.

§  The second method is called media based aquaponics because plants are grown in inert planting media (gravel, expanded clay pellets, coir, etc.).  The media provides both the biological (ammonia based waste) and mechanical (solid waste) filtration, so requires far less maintenance than raft-based systems.  Large, fruiting plants are also grown much more successfully in media based systems than in rafts.

§  The third method is called hybrid aquaponics, which is a combination of the two.  The media beds become the pre-filter for the solid waste before the water enters the raft systems.  This hybrid system style is the focus of The Aquaponic Source’s Aqua Bundance systems because it provides planting flexibility, high productivity and low maintenance.

Aquaponics could benefit the Nepalese farmers in the following ways:

·         Enjoy dual benefits of aquaculture and hydroponics.

·         Efficiency in the use of water between hydroponics and aquaculture.

·         The nutrients extracted by the plants from the excretions of aquatic animals support the speedy growth of plants.

·         Land and water are conserved

 

 

Conclusion:

Greenify Nepal is an endeavor to boost the agriculture sector of Nepal through modern agriculture practices ranging from aquaponics to poly house farming. While technology is changing the face of every sector all over the world, Nepalese agriculture cannot stick to the same old methods of farming. The country must invest heavily in the agriculture sector to overcome the existing problems and achieve unprecedented agriculture feats. If not, Nepalese agriculture would always lag behind resulting in greater dependence on other nations for agro products. Moreover, greenify Nepal seeks to create an environment where the Nepalese youths see a career for themselves in agriculture. For this, greenify Nepal encourages the practice of all above mentioned six modern approaches of agriculture.

 

 

 

REFERENCES:

§  www.thingworx.com/Markets/Smart-Agriculture

§  http://venturebeat.com/2014/12/07/surprise-agriculture-is-doing-more-with-iot-innovation-than-most-other-industries/

§  http://sol-chip.com/applications_agricultural.asp

§  http://insait.in/AIPA2012/articles/054.pdf

§  http://www.aditi.com/internet-of-things-in-agriculture-case-study/

§  http://www.jains.com/Protected%20Cultivation/poly%20houses.htm

§  http://www.theaquaponicsource.com/what-is-aquaponics/

§  http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/050615/tech-investments-indoor-farming-2-peas-1-pod.asp


Target Location :

Hotel and resturants,Agriculture markets


Target Audience :

local and urban customer

Scope :


Benefit :

Here are a few ways in which the agriculture has emerged as a key testing ground for IoT strategy, and with significant success

  • .We can breakdown the production cost of  Single Vegetable.
  • Easily collect and manage the explosion of data from sensors, cloud services such as weather or maps, connected equipment and existing systems
  • Quickly build and bring to market new innovative IoT applications at 10 times the speed of other approaches with our rapid application development environment and drag and drop mashup builder
  • Leverage big data and analytics to provide new insights and recommendations to aid in better decision-making
  • Enable farmers to easily visualize data and take action on insights and recommendations
  • With embedded wireless devices and soil monitoring systems like that of Smart Watering Systems and Observant, farmers can measure moisture, detect leaks and more efficiently manage energy usage, all in real-time.
  • Farming in the face of water shortage has historically been a challenge, demanding extensive technical knowledge and mastery of complex data collection and irrigation systems. For effective drought response, farmers require precise, real-time information to help minimize waste, prevent over- and under-watering and proactively manage water costs.   
  • Wireless sensor networks like that of Semios monitor pest counts, and when it detects that the pest population is too high, its metered pheromone delivery system automatically activates and disrupts the mating patterns of pests. This minimizes, and in some cases completely replaces, pesticide use.
  • wireless, cloud-connected systems aid in this crop yield maximization, automating everyday agriculture operations and providing real-time monitoring and data analysis for smart decision making, day-to-day and season-to-season.Connected equipment from companies like  leverage GPS, monitoringand electronic controls to help farmers continually analyze and improve performance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Early Feedbacks from People:

Expensive on installation,Land management,Regular electricity,import of equipments


Business Plan

Estimated Human Resources :

 Managing director,Operational worker, Technician,salesman


Purpose :

We intend to scale up agriculture products effectively and efficiently by replacing traditional farming methods with modern techniques.


Problem :

  • Insufficient production of fruits and vegetables
  • Low income generation from traditional farming
  • Lack of modern technology
  • High transportation cost of bridging the gap between the producer and consumer
  • Ineffective govermental polices for development of agriculture

Solution :

Practise of modern farming techniques such as IoT for farming,Aquaponics,Polyhouse farming,Indoor farming,Vertical farming.This will increase the productivity,decreases the cost of fruits and vegetables.

 


Timeline :

1.Phase I:Installation

we will search for a workplace where these agriculture techniques will be practised.All the necessary components will be installed.The equipments will be ordered.Training will be provided to the operational workers.App is developed.

 2.Phase II:processing

Plants which are to be grown are selected.The seeds are germinated  in suitable temperature and young trees(saplings) are planted.Irrigation is done through smart irrigation system.

3.phase III:Ultimately

Both organic and non-organic fruits and vegetables will be sold in the market through salesman.


Market Research :

 Greenify Nepal is itself a result of extensive research carried out on two levels of the Nepalese market.We get in touch with a few farmers and senior agriculture scientist at khumaltar,lalitpur.They narrated the difficult conditions of agriculture.Most of the agro-products are imported from india and china..Transportation is also the reason for expensive agriculture products.Market scanning would be primarily focussed on identification of the following opportunities and threats:

Opportunities

  1. High involvement of people in agriculture to earn a living. 
  2. Contribution of large amount of GDP on agriculture
  3. Need for urban based agriculture in view of transportation and fossil fuel issues

Current Problems facing Nepalese agriculture due to traditional farming methods.

Threats

  1. Market Competition
  2. Most of the concepts of Greenify nepal are novel in the Nepalese agriculture sector.Hence,it could initially meet  with lack of confidence and trust from investors.

Intended Customer :

 We intend to reach out to  all Neplease farmers ,aspiring youths who want to start a career in farming,hotels and resturants that entirely depend on market on purchase of fruits and vegetables,local market or the nepalese agriculture sector in general.


Technology Required :

moisture sensor,development board,wifi,light sensor,solar,semios


Minimum Investment Required :

NPR. 150000.0000

Maximum Investment Required :

NPR. 1000000.0000

Estimated Profit Per Year :

NPR. 1500000-2000000

7 Comments on “Greenify Nepal(Agriculture using IoT/ICT)”

  • Kopite
    Kopite   (1/30/2016)

    C'mon Gani Bhai !!

  • Nirmal
    Nirmal   (2/3/2016)

    It's really an awesome and creative idea. I guess I could be part of this project.

  • SUJAN
    SUJAN   (2/3/2016)

    Thanks bro...we will contact u if u are interested.

  • Amir
    Amir   (2/3/2016)

    Great project. Innovative way to develop agriculture system.

  • SUJAN
    SUJAN   (2/3/2016)

    Thanks amir...

  • prabin
    prabin   (2/4/2016)

    Great initative for making nepal advanced with digital technologies.....

  • Om Shankar
    Om Shankar   (2/5/2016)

    great idea :) interested to work together

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